The Campbells

 Contributed by Helen Erwin Campbell


The Campbells of Argyll

Traditional genealogists place the origin of Clan Campbell among the ancient Britons of Strathclyde, but there is some evidence that the clan may have actually originated in Northern Ireland, and moved into the western Highlands of Scotland as early as the 300s or 400s. The Campbells were firmly established in the Argyll region by the mid-1200s, for there is documented evidence of land grants to various clan chiefs starting in 1263. By the early 1600s the clan also occupied most of the Kintyre Peninsula, lands which were formerly owned by Clan MacDonald, but were awarded to Archibald, Seventh Earl of Argyll in 1607 as a reward for supporting the central government of Scotland. Even today the major town in the area is Campbeltown.

Campbells have spread out across the globe and have prospered. Geographic features throughout the world have been named after various family members. Although there are now fewer Campbells in the Highlands, much of the ancestral lands are still in Campbell hands, including the Castles of Inveraray, Dunstaffage and Cawdor.   

Diarmid MacDubhn was born in 982 in Dumbartonshire, Scotland, and died in Scotland. He married Grain O’Niel about 1000 in Ireland.

Duina/Dirvbhne MacDubhn was born about 1000 in Scotland. His parents were Diarmid MacDubhn and Grain O’Niel. During this period the clan was known as Clan Diarmid, from a fancied connection with a great hero from early Celtic mythology, Diarmid the Boar. The modern crest badge utilizes the figure of a boar’s head within a buckled strap on which is displayed the Chief’s motto “Ne Obliviscaris,” which is Latin for “Forget Not.”

Campbell Malcolm MacDubhn was born about 1020 in Lochowe, Argyleshire, Scotland, and died in 1066 in Normandy, Gaul (France), He married Cambus Bellus Beauchamp about 1040 in Normandy, Gaul (France). His father was Duina/Dirvbhne MacDubhn.

Archibald Gillespic (Gillespie) Campbell was born in 1041 in Normandy, Gaul (France), and died about 1076 in Scotland. He married Eva Na MacDubhn about 1067 in Scotland. His parents were Campbell Malcolm MacDubhn and Cambus Bellus Beauchamp.

MacDurine Duncan Campbell was born in 1070 in Scotland, and died in 1097, also in Scotland. He married Dorothy Dervail Crauchan about 1090 in Scotland. He was the son of Archibald Gillespic Campbell.

Archibald Gillespic Campbell was born about 1090 in Scotland, and married Finettea Fraser about 1110 in Scotland. His father was MacDurine Duncan Campbell.

Duncan Campbell was born in 1158 in Scotland. He was the son of Archibald Gillespic Campbell.

Archibald Dugal Campbell was born about 1180 in Lochowe, Argyllshire, Scotland, and died in 1204. He married Finlay MacGillivrail about 1198 in Scotland. He was the son of Duncan Campbell.

Archibald Campbell was born in 1199 in Lochowe, Argyle, Scotland, and died in 1280. He married Errick Carrick about 1225 in Stirlingshire, Scotland. His parents were Archibald Dugal Campbell and Finlay MacGillivrail.

Colin Mor Campbell was born in 1230 in Stirlingshire, Scotland, and died in 1294. He is buried in the Church of St. Peter Cemetery in Kilchrennan, Lochowe, Scotland. He was the son of Archibald Campbell and Errick Carrick, and was called to the Scottish Parliament by the title of Lord Campbell. He married ______ Saint Clair about 1255 in Argyllshire, Scotland.

Neil McCailen More Campbell, Lord of Lochowe, was born in 1258 at Lochowe, Argyllshire, Scotland, and died in 1316. His father was Colin Mor Campbell, and he died Sir Neil succeeded him in estate and title. Sir Neil was a stanch ally and companion of Robert the Bruce, King of Scotland. He was rewarded with extensive grants of land forfeited by the enemies Argyll and Bruce. The king also gave his sister Mary in marriage to Sir Neil in 1295, who appears to have disposed of Mariota Cameron, his first wife whom he married about 1279, in favor of the better offer. This was a common practice at the time, when noble marriages were primarily a means of forging alliances. This royal union resulted in a son John, who was given the title of Earl of Atholl by the king. John was killed at the Battle of Halidon Hill in 1333.

Sir Colin Campbell died 1340.

Archibald Campbell, one of the first Peers of the Scottish Parliament, died 1404.

John Campbell died 1453.

Colin Campbell was given the title of Earl of Argyll and was made Lord High Chancellor in 1457 by King James 2nd. He died 1492. The 1st Earl of Argyll was active and eminent in public affairs. The MacDonalds were a large and powerful clan about this time, but they were at odds with the king. Whenever MacDonald lands were lost by forfeiture, which was frequent, the earl or a Campbell family member was likely to receive a large share of their redistribution.

Archibald Campbell, son of Colin, inherited the titles of Lord High Chancellor and 2nd Earl of Argyll. He was also Lord Chamberlain and Master of the Household of King James IV, as well as General in Chief of the king’s army. He was born about 1466 in Argyllshire, Scotland, and died in 1513 at the Battle of Flodden in England while leading a charge. His body was brought back to Scotland, and he is buried in Cowal, Argyllshire, Scotland. He married Elizabeth Stewart (Stuart), the daughter of John Stewart and Margaret Montgomery, about 1478 in Renfrewshire, Scotland.

Colin Campbell, 3rd Earl of Argyll and Master of the King’s Household, was born about 1482 in Argyllshire, Scotland, and died October 9, 1529. He married Janet (Jane) Gordon about 1507. He was the son of Archibald Campbell and Elizabeth Stewart. The Campbells, along with the Gordons, were aligned with the James I, King of Scotland, against most of the other Highland clans. About 1528, however, the Earl of Argyll fell out of favor and was imprisoned. It is not clear whether he was still in prison when he died.

Archibald Campbell, Earl of Argyle, was a friend of John Knox, and “a great enemy to popery.” He was born in August 1508 in Argyllshire, Scotland and died July 18, 1558. He married Helen Hamilton (1) in 1529 and Margaret Graham (2) April 21, 1541. He was the son of Colin Campbell and Janet Gordon.

Colin Campbell, 6th Earl of Argyll, with the Earl of Atholl, was Privy Council to King James VI. He was born to Archibald Campbell and Margaret Graham about 1542 in Scotland, and died in 1584. He married Agnes Anna Keith, the daughter of William and Margaret Keith, February 26, 1557. They had three sons, Archibald, William, and John. Archibald Campbell, while still a child, became the seventh Earl of Argyle. The young earl survived several attempts on his life to become an able soldier, and was instrumental in uniting the clan. In 1607 he was granted former MacDonald lands in Kintyre.

William Campbell: Little is known about William Campbell. He was in Kintyre, Argyllshire, Scotland, and is thought to have had an estate in Kintyre. It is not clear, however, whether he gained it in the same way as Archibald. He died in 1643. He had two sons named James and John.

John Campbell lived “in Acconsiderable (sic) good rank;” He died 1687 and left one son; William. “This John fled from Scotland in the year 1660 and brought his son with him and settled in Ireland in the parish and County of Antrim, under the protection of Lord Massres__, for the Argyll Family was brought very low because they maintained the Prisbitaren (sic) Religion.”

William Campbell died in1721, probably in Ireland, leaving behind him two sons named James and John, who were very “Religious Honest men.”

James Campbell was born about 1682 in Ireland, and died about 1763, leaving one son named John.

John Campbell died 17__, leaving three sons, James, William and Nathan Campbell.

(Note: The above is copied from a family history by Thomas Findley Campbell in 1906. He in turn copied it from a hand written transcript made by James Argyle Campbell in 1882. The original was “in the form of a parchment roll in which, if family tradition is correct, each ancestor had recorded his own name. It was entitled The King’s Household.” The early spelling has been preserved, but there were places in the fold of the paper where some letters could not be read.)

 The Campbells in America

Towards the end of the 18th century the three brothers, James, William and Nathan Campbell, came to America on different dates and under varying circumstances. James and William settled in northwestern Pennsylvania, while Nathan settled in Chester, South Carolina. Nathan fathered one daughter and James had three sons. William, the second brother, married Jeannett Hays, also of Scotch-Irish ancestry, on February 2, 1802. Their home was in Mercer County, Pennsylvania, in the Shenango Church region. Jeannett Hays was born in Drummond, County of Londonderry, Ireland, and came with her parents to Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, in 1797, afterward moving to Fallowfield, Crawford County, Pennsylvania.

William and Jeanett Campbell, about 1821, moved with their large family of small children (7 sons and 4 daughters) to a 300-acre plantation near the junction of Hammonds Creek and Salt River, about 5 miles southwest of Lawrenceburg, in Anderson County, Kentucky. It was there, in 1823, that William died. He was buried on a high hill on the plantation. The hill is known in the neighborhood today as Campbell Hill. Jeannett, with the aid of Moses Findley, her brother-in-law, sold the plantation and moved her family back to Pennsylvania. Later some of her older sons migrated to Randolph County, Illinois, near Sparta, and she and her other children followed. She lived there until her death, and she is buried in one of the old cemeteries near that village.

Thomas Hays Campbell, the seventh child and sixth son of William and Jeanett, was born May 21, 1815, near Meadsville, Pennsylvania. He married Catherine S. McDougall and they lived in Springfield, Illinois. Three sons and one daughter were born to them.

A clipping from a magazine (showing no magazine name or date) reads as follows: When the uninviting appearance of Springfield was mentioned, Lincoln was reminded of how a man once applied to Illinois Secretary of State Thomas Campbell for permission to lecture in the State House on the second coming of our Lord. Campbell advised the man not to waste his time. “If the Lord has been to Springfield once,” he said, “it is my private opinion He will not come a second time.” -- R. D. Wordsworth

James William Campbell, the third child and second son of Thomas Hays Campbell, married Flora Alice Coler. They lived in Huron, South Dakota, and later moved to Lake Forest Park, a suburb of Seattle, Washington. He was Richard Lovejoy “Dick” Campbell’s grandfather, and was known to his grandchildren and their friends as “Bumpa”. James William and Flora Alice Campbell had three sons.

There is a story told in the family about Bumpa, Dick’s grandfather. The incident happened at the time of the famous Lincoln-Douglas debates when the two great men were each running for a U.S. Senate seat from Illinois. At the time, Douglas was a two-term Congressman and an incumbent Senator. Lincoln was a Congressman. Bumpa’s father, Thomas Hays Campbell, held a reception for Lincoln at the Campbell home. Bumpa, at that time was about ten years old and was supposed to be in bed, but the excitement of the occasion was too much, and he had sneaked out of bed and was watching through the banisters at the top of the stairs. Mr. Lincoln had just arrived, and a number of people were gathered about him. Bumpa could stand it to longer, and called in a loud voice,

“Hurrah for Douglas!” There was an immediate silence, and all attention turned to the top of the stairs. Mr. Lincoln looked up at Bumpa and said,

“That’s right, Boy. Stand up for your party.” Bumpa’s father’s comments on the incident the next morning, it is said, were of a slightly different nature.

James William and Flora Alice Campbell had three sons.

Thomas Hays Campbell, the third son of James William, married Zoe Lovejoy in 1909. They lived in Huron, South Dakota, Seattle, Washington, and later in Lake Forest Park, Washington. Thomas Hays and Zoe Campbell had five children: Thomas H. Campbell, Lorna Campbell, Robert Campbell, Richard Lovejoy Campbell, and Jeannette Campbell who died in early childhood.

When Thomas Hays Campbell was growing up in Huron, his father James William Campbell owned a bank and was financially successful. The family lived in a large home with servants, and young Thomas made quite a splurge driving around town in a Stutz-Bearcat. He attended Harvard Engineering School and earned a civil engineering degree. Although his first love was engineering, his father persuaded him to come into the family banking business. The bank, over time, became over extended because of generous loans to local farmers. In 1922, as a result of the wheat crash, the bank failed. The story is that the family went from their large house with servants to using packing crates for chairs.

As a result of the stress of the bank failure, and resulting personal losses, Thomas suffered a nervous breakdown. His wife Zoe brought him and their children to Seattle to live with her parents, William E. Lovejoy and his wife.

Richard Lovejoy (Dick) Campbell, married Helen Erwin in 1943, and served in World War II in the Army Air Force as a waist gunner on a B-24 Liberator bomber. Four children were born to them: Richard Lyle Campbell, b. 1949, d. 1968; James William Campbell, b. 1953; Donna Kay Campbell, b. 1956; and Carol Anne Campbell, b. 1961. Dick and Helen first lived near Seattle, Washington, but in 1956 they moved to Westminster, Orange County, California. Dick retired on disability in 1974, and after Helen retired from her school district job in 1981 they moved to Hemet, California. Dick died in July of 1991 as a result of the ravages of multiple sclerosis.

James William Campbell married Mary Jane Lind in 1972. They had one son, James Brian b. 1972 and one daughter Dawn Angeline b. 1974. That marriage ended in divorce. James married Donna Marie Ellis in 1992. Jim and Donna now live in Redmond, Oregon.

Donna Kay Campbell lives in Hesperia, California.

Carol Anne Campbell married Erasmus David Rosales in 1999. They live in Novato, California.

James Brian Campbell married Denice Rene Ortiz in 1992. They have two children: Cheyanne Rose b. 1992, and Zakkary Brian b. 1997. They now reside in Redmond, Oregon.

Dawn Angeline Campbell married Aaron Lawrence Korsen in 2002, and they live in San Clemente, California.

It should be noted that Sir Neil Campbell married the sister of Robert the Bruce, King of Scotland. This was in the early 1300s, and in a period when Sir William de Irwyn was the secretary and armor bearer for Bruce. In his early service to Bruce, prior to his being knighted, William would not have been on the same social level as the Campbells and the Bruces, but it is probable that the families knew each other. Seven centuries later it doesn’t seem to matter, one way or the other.